作者:Ryan(不愿意透露照片的非典型学渣,美高党)

学渣自述:为学好美国历史,考好AP美国史及SATII美国史而积累素材!从今天开始每天积累历史素材,好好备战!

 

历史上的今天,美国在不同的历史时期发生了不同的大事儿,我拎了几件符合AP/SATII History考纲的事儿来说说...

事件1:2018年7月4日  历史上的今天:1776年7月4日

今天,是美国的 独立日(Independent Day)是美国的主要法定节日之一,每年7月4日,以纪念1776年7月4日大陆会议在费城正式通过《独立宣言》。《独立宣言》由 托马斯·杰佛逊 起草,1776年7月4日经大陆会议专门委员会修改后通过,并由大陆会议主席约翰·汉考克签字生效。《独立宣言》开宗明义地阐明,一切人生而平等,具有追求幸福与自由的天赋权利;淋漓尽致地历数了英国殖民主义者在美洲大陆犯下的罪行;最后庄严宣告美利坚合众国脱离英国而独立。

The United States Declaration of Independence is the statement adopted by the Second Continental Congress meeting at the Pennsylvania State House (now known as Independence Hall) in Philadelphia on July 4, 1776.The Declaration announced that the thirteen American colonies then at war with the Kingdom of Great Britain would regard themselves as thirteen independent sovereign states no longer under British rule. With the Declaration, these new states took a collective first step toward forming the United States of America. The declaration was signed by representatives from New Hampshire, Massachusetts Bay, Rhode Island and Providence Plantations, Connecticut, New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Maryland, Delaware, Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, and Georgia.

AP/SATII Tag:The United States Declaration of Independence

事件2:2018年7月4日  历史上的今天:1826年7月4日

1826年的今天,两位美国开国伟人,美国独立宣言的签署者及起草者,美国第二任及第三任总统,约翰亚当斯与托马斯杰斐逊因病医治无效于同时逝世。他们的逝世是美国人民的巨大损失。

On this day in 1826, former Presidents Thomas Jefferson and John Adams, who were once fellow Patriots and then adversaries, die on the same day within five hours of each other.

Thomas Jefferson and John Adams were the last surviving members of the original American revolutionaries who had stood up to the British Empire and forged a new political system in the former colonies. However, while they both believed in democracy and life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness, their opinions on how to achieve these ideals diverged over time.

AP/SATII Tag: Thomas Jefferson  American revolution

事件延伸

1800年总统竞选时,杰斐逊击败总统亚当斯而当选美国第三任总统。人们称杰斐逊的胜利是二次革命(The Revolution of 1800,考点!考点!考点!),因为他标志着联邦主义的衰败和共和主义的兴起。

虽然曾经是政敌,但是亚当斯去世前,还念叨着杰斐逊这小子应该还活着。其实杰斐逊已经先他5个小时而去了。豪杰间惺惺相惜,令人追慕不已。

事件3:2018年7月4日  历史上的今天:1863年7月4日

1862年11月-1863年7月发生于密西西比河畔小城维克斯堡的维克斯堡战役,历时9个月,是美国南北战争的重要转折点。格兰特将军以深入敌后,迂回包围的战术包围并攻克了南军在密西西比上唯一的据点,迫降敌军3万,将南部联盟拦腰切为两端,打开了向南军后方进攻的大门。成为南北战争的转折点。(具体战役不会考,但是此次战役意义重大,所以也在考点中)

The Vicksburg Campaign was a series of maneuvers and battles in the Western Theater of the American Civil War directed against Vicksburg, Mississippi, a fortress city that dominated the last Confederate-controlled section of the Mississippi River. The Union Army of the Tennessee under Maj. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant gained control of the river by capturing this stronghold and defeating Lt. Gen. John C. Pemberton's forces stationed there.

The campaign consisted of many important naval operations, troop maneuvers, failed initiatives, and eleven distinct battles from December 26, 1862, to July 4, 1863.

AP/SATII Tag: The Vicksburg Campaign  General. Ulysses S. Grant