作者:Ryan(不愿意透露照片的非典型学渣,美高党)

学渣自述:为学好美国历史,考好AP美国史及SATII美国史而积累素材!从今天开始每天积累历史素材,好好备战!

2018年6月17日  历史上的今天:1972年6月17日

1972年6月17日晚上,美国民主党总部的一位工作人员(记得阿甘吗?也可能是他发现的)离开水门大厦后,偶然回头看了看自己的办公室,他惊异地发现,已经熄了灯的办公室里有几条光柱在晃动。不对呀,同事们都已经走了,谁又进了办公室,不开灯,却打着手电筒到处乱照。他马上回到水门大厦,把疑点告诉了保安人员。保安人员立即搜查了有关的房间,抓到五个戴着医用外科手套、形迹可疑的男子,其中一人名字叫詹姆斯·麦科德,自称是前中央情报局雇员。其实,他是尼克松总统竞选连任委员会负责安全工作的头头,奉命到水门大厦民主党总部安装窃听设备。第二天,《华盛顿邮报》在头版显著位置报道了这一事件。

 

On this day in 1972, five men are caught trying to bug the offices of the Democratic National Committee at the Watergate Hotel in Washington, D.C. James McCord, Frank Sturgis, Bernard Barker, Virgilio Gonzalez, and Eugenio Martinez were apprehended in the early morning after a security guard at the Watergate noticed that several doors leading from the stairwell to various hallways had been taped to prevent them from locking. The intruders were wearing surgical gloves and carrying walkie-talkies, cameras, and almost $2,300 in sequential $100 bills. A subsequent search of their rooms at the Watergate turned up an additional $4,200, burglary tools, and electronic bugging equipment. 

The story of the break-in, which seemed like a minor event, was handed to two young reporters, Bob Woodward and Carl Bernstein,by their Washington Post editor-in-chief, Ben Bradlee. The reporters pursued the story tirelessly and broke the scoop of White House involvement in a pattern of unethical practices against political enemies. The pair later wrote the bestselling book All the President’s Men (1974), about the journalistic process of exposing the Watergate scandal.

TAG: All the President’s Men  Watergate Scandal

事件延伸:

 水门事件发生后尼克松曾一度竭力掩盖开脱,但在随后对这一案件的继续调查中,尼克松政府里的许多人被陆续揭发出来,并直接涉及到尼克松本人,从而引发了严重的宪法危机。最终尼克松于1974年8月8日11点35分致信国务卿基辛格宣布将于次日辞职,从而成为美国历史上首位辞职的总统。

 两位年轻记者鲍勃和卡尔坚持报道该丑闻出了名。All the President’s Men(我觉得直译为都是总统的人最贴切)后来被翻拍为电影,还获得了奥斯卡最佳改编剧本奖。

 命名“水门事件”的后缀“门”已经成为美国以及世界其他地方的政治和非政治的丑闻的代名词。(想起了冠希老师…)