作者:Ryan(不愿意透露照片的非典型学渣,美高党)

学渣自述:为学好美国历史,考好AP美国史及SATII美国史而积累素材!从今天开始每天积累历史素材,好好备战!

2018年6月14日  历史上的今天:1966年6月14日

今天,美国第一面有联邦意义的国旗诞生了。1777年大陆会议制定的并于1781年批准施行的《邦联条例》规定,由当时13个独立州组成邦联制国家。大陆会议同时选定了当时具有代表意义的星星和横条这样的设计作为国旗。

During theAmerican Revolution, theContinental Congressadopts a resolution stating that “the flag of the United States be thirteen alternate stripes red and white” and that “the Union be thirteen stars, white in a blue field, representing a new Constellation.” The national flag, which became known as the “Stars and Stripes,” was based on the “Grand Union” flag, a banner carried by the Continental Army in 1776 that also consisted of 13 red and white stripes. According to legend, Philadelphia seamstressBetsy Ross designed the new canton for the Stars and Stripes, which consisted of a circle of 13 stars and a blue background, at the request of General George Washington. Historians have been unable to conclusively prove or disprove this legend.

With the entrance of new states into the United States after independence, new stripes and stars were added to represent new additions to the Union. In 1818, however, Congress enacted a law stipulating that the 13 original stripes be restored and that only stars be added to represent new states.

On June 14, 1877, the first Flag Day observance was held on the 100th anniversary of the adoption of the Stars and Stripes. As instructed by Congress, the U.S. flag was flown from all public buildings across the country. In the years after the first Flag Day, several states continued to observe the anniversary, and in 1949 Congress officially designated June 14 as Flag Day, a national day of observance.

TAG:American Revolution  Continental Congress  Flag Day

背景延伸

虽然美国在1777年就采用了13颗星的国旗,但最初的13个州正式加入美国联邦的时间却在1790年才完成。13个州分别为(按加入联邦时间先后顺序):

特拉华州(Delaware),宾夕法尼亚州(Pennsylvania),新泽西州(New Jersey),佐治亚州(Georgia),康涅狄格州(Connecticut),马萨诸塞州(Massachusetts),马里兰州(Maryland),南卡罗来纳州(South Carolina),新罕布什尔州(New Hampshire),弗吉尼亚州( Virginia),纽约州(State of New York),北卡罗来纳(North Carolina),罗得岛州,全名罗得岛与普洛威顿斯庄园州(The State of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations)